Hughes Estate Map

The First Research Season: Mapping

The first season of the Hughes Estate Archaeological Project was spent locating historic structures and creating a map of the site.  

The historic structures, the majority of which are reduced to foundations, were not visible from  existing aerial satellite imagery due to dense vegetation. Additionally, there are no known inventories or historic maps of Hughes Estate in existence.

Findings from 2019:  The mapping team made their way through the thick overgrowth to find and plot historic structures. We located and mapped nine structures and two field walls, establishing Hughes as the most extensive historic plantation site remaining on Anguilla today. 

Two of the plantation structures appear to be associated with sugar processing (G and H), two with crop and animal husbandry (D, F), one with plantation foodways (SH), one with waterways (C), and possibly three with administration or the household (A, E, I). Identifications are based on diagnostic architecture, analysis of surface artifacts, and comparative research. However, many of the identifications remain tentative as no detailed inventory nor description of buildings exist in historical records related to Hughes. Click on links (A-I, and SH) in the text or subnavigation pane the top of the page to learn more about each location.

Archaeological excavation will reveal more on the identifications and the significance  of these historic structures as well as aim to locate the housing of the enslaved workers.

3D model of Hughes Estate Mapped Structures

Reconstructed View

3D Model of Hughes Estate:

In 2020-21 we began to build the historic structures we recorded from our 2019 fieldwork in Blender. With a GIS addon, we took advantage of working in 3D by adding topographic data to our new map. This model gives context for current structure heights as well as how the structures relate to the geography of the site.   

The model on the top right is a  3D reconstruction of the structures at the site as they appear today, and  model below it is a historical reconstruction that we created. Examples of 18-19th century Anguillan and Caribbean plantation architecture guided our reconstruction. 

Where on Anguilla is Hughes Estate?

See the approximate location of Hughes Estate on the interactive world map below.

2021 Drone Images

During the 2021 season we cleared enough bush to capture excellent aerial imagery of the site with the assistance of Khori Hodge and his impressive drone skills. 

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